Please select your page

Rechercher dans le site


Colloque de Belfort 2011 : résumés et abstracts

Antoine FURIO

30 ans de reconversion en Seine-Saint-Denis

Territoire urbain densément industrialisé, le département de la Seine-Saint-Denis est confronté à la problématique des friches industrielles depuis le milieu des années 1970. En près de 35 ans ce mouvement qui n’a cessé de s’accélérer s’est proportionnellement accompagné de nombreuses opérations de reconversions. Portées par les pouvoirs publics, collectivités locales ou partenaires privés, elles témoignent sur la durée de changements sensibles dans l’appréhension d’un site industriel par les acteurs de la ville, passant progressivement d’une visée strictement opportuniste à celle de la plus-value patrimoniale.

Des premières opérations aux plus récentes, il est ainsi possible de porter une analyse historique révélatrice des mutations des enjeux urbains attachés aux sites industriels, des évolutions dans leur gestion par un jeu d’acteurs en pleine évolution, et enfin de leurs effets sur la diversification des programmes de reconversion.

Du déni à sa patrimonialisation, l’architecture industrielle s’est adaptée aux politiques urbaines et économiques exercées sur le territoire ainsi qu’aux besoins du marché immobilier. Sa reconversion présente ainsi de multiples atouts de développement pour la Seine-Saint-Denis mais en oubliant bien souvent de restituer un sens au lieu au risque de perdre à terme un élément constitutif de son identité.

Thirty years of industrial heritage conversions in the Seine-Saint-Denis department

 The Seine-Saint-Denis department, immediately to the north of Paris, is a suburban department which was densely industrialised from the nineteenth century and which has been confronted with the problems of de-industrialisation and abandoned factories since the 1970s. Over the last 35 years, the industrial decline of the department has become more pronounced and there has been a concomitant increase in the number of factory conversions. These operations have been diversely financed by public institutions, by local authorities or by private initiative. Over time, they bear witness to changes in the ways industrial sites are considered by various urban players. To begin with, the conversion operations were often opportunistic, merely taking advantage of available space, but gradually these operations came to consider heritage as an added value.

From the earliest conversion operations to the most recent, it is therefore possible to carry out an historical analysis illustrating the way the issues raised by industrial sites have changed, how the management of these sites has changed too, and how the players concerned are also changing, with cumulative effects on the way old industrial buildings are now given a broader variety of new uses.

Industrial architecture, first denigrated but now recognised as heritage, has found its place in the department's planning and economic policies and has adapted too to the real estate market. The conversion of industrial sites to new uses is now seen as one of the many assets available in the department. Unfortunately, however, the meaning of the places thus converted and the interpretation of this meaning is often neglected and elements of identity can be lost.